Everyone is aware of the more common security threats. Standard attacks such as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS), Malware and Spyware, Social Engineering, and others have become household words. But in recent years, a more insidious and, frankly, scary kind of cyber-security threat has emerged that seeks to embed itself at the lowest levels of computer architectures.
Security threats can worm their way into the very design processes of ASICs and FPGAs, literally placing malicious circuits into manufactured silicon, creating hardware Trojans, and making it possible to reverse engineer, and then counterfeit proprietary IP. Said another way, attackers are attempting to learn the secrets stored on, and processed by, the chip.